Current research is examining the main purpose and objectives of the women rights movement in Argentina. Moreover, the detailed conceptualization of the crucial principles is described through the prism of the thorough analysis of the literature resources and includes the explanation of the various aspects that have conditioned its foundation. In addition, the investigation includes a wide specter of instances that are articulated by the historical, cultural and human factors that influenced women rights movement appearance. The case of Argentina becomes a centralized example of feminist achievements.
The Universal Declaration of Human rights, adopted by the United Nations was a great promotion of understanding the phenomenon of freedom. Therefore, it is necessary to underscore the fact that they believed that the ideal of equal rights should be applied internationally (Walter, 19). As a result, this declaration (1948) did not prove its initial goal and the United Nations adopted another Convention in 1979. This document stressed that women are not equal with men because of the motherhood factor that can easily affect the employment issue and become a burden of female realization that required special attention (article 11 of Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Woman). The CEDAW document has become an extremely significant challenge to the world community and provoked the awakening of the new force around the world. The universal rights paradigm had to become practicable, but the interpretation of it was obsolete.
The Globalization processes have rapidly spread through the world and involved the modernization of moral values standards. For instance, Denmark female population had more privileges and rights in comparison with other European countries. The entry into the European Union was a great step on the way to overcome the stability and improve the system of national governance and economy. Fortunately, the fears of women to lose their freedom did not materialize. Thus, the globalization has opened gates of employment to the female. Transnational corporations offered a wide range of working places for women and made the national sovereignty weaker to resist their policy (Walter, 21). The Third World countries gained a chance to influence their welfare. The lack of economic options hindered the development of the women individuals. On the one hand, transnational corporations empowered them with the ability to work and to have own choice of controlling the personal budget, but, on the other hand, they were put under abusive working conditions in order to have their share in the society (Walter, 21).
Although, the internalization of the women rights movement has gradually developed around the world, but there is still a controversy that claims this concept to infringe upon different cultural values and religion factor. The unique instance is Indian women protest against dowry issue. They assert that dowry in their society has become a problem because husbands may only take a marriage to get a financial benefit and later kill their brides (Walter, 22). The phenomenon of domestic violence is also a complexity that has been observed in other countries. Dowry deaths are the bright example of the universal women rights violation and should be eliminated from cultural practice of India and other countries, which have obsolete traditions. This statement includes a number of Arab and African countries because of their well-known reputation to ignore the universal behavioral norms.
Argentina is a state that has relatively high level of life standard, but, it is important to emphasize that, approximately 25 percent live in poverty according to Lyn Walter research that poses the question of this factor as a general leverage of women welfare problematic solution. Considering the historical retrospective analysis of Argentina, it is necessary to point that in 1852 the female rights issue was not even mentioned or discussed at all (Walter, 2). The peculiar fact was that married woman could not administer her property or to be a witness without a permission of her husband.
In 1896, the socialist party supported the specific measures, which protected women rights. They took care of the working issue of mothers and forbade a multitude of practices that endangered motherhood. Furthermore, the program of 1907 proclaimed that women can vote and have the equal salary to men. It was the real advance of the regulations and practices for that time. Carliona Muzilli Gabriela Laperriere de Coni and other famous feminists of that period wrote the newspaper referred to the working conditions report section describing woman and children working conditions (Walter, 4). Accompanied by other feminists they have created the Centro Socialista Feminino group that was primarily focused on educational lectures for women (Walter, 4).
The XX century beginning was a difficult period for Argentina because of the growing debate on the issue of a landowning aristocracy to control the problem of the immigrants (especially the prostitutes of European origin) and working-class female and children health policy problematic resolution and amelioration (Walter, 4). A chaos took over the system and it was a tangled task to complete. Finally, the Law 11.317 was implemented in 1924 and it has regulated the issue of eight-hour work for the woman, workbook demand and forbade the pregnancy to be a reason for firing (Walter, 4). However, the society was not reluctant to abide such rules, but these norms were partially incorporated into the general order. Hence, the women were not assumed to be children with limited abilities or intelligence as they were treated in XIX century.
Cecilia Grierson was one of the Argentina’s first feminist who had higher education and attended the meeting of International Council for Woman in London. She made every possible effort to found the National Council for Woman in her country, but, unfortunately, she was not able to make it a suffragist organization (Walter, 5). Thus, she managed to build a great philanthropic organization, which supported an educational idea and process for women in Argentina. It was a big achievement to criticize the subordination and to break the silence of issues that deserved to be opened to the public. The XX century feminists were only a small group of the brave personalities who wanted to boost the perspectives baked for next generations. 1910, Cecilia Grierson’s organization held the First International Feminine Congress in Buenos Aires. The raised the problematic of female legal status, education necessity, suffrage and other (Walter, 5).
The case of Argentina women rights movement history is, probably the most successful example of the progress in this field. They have made a great input in democratization processes and took the persuasive position in the promotion of their concept. The Peronist party government had absolutely supported and granted female their full political rights (Walter, 1). Madres de Plaza de Mayo group did every possible effort to enhance the democratization of their country and to protest the horrible fact of the children disappearance in Argentina (Walter, 1). After 1983, the feminist movement was literally unleashed and occupied of political, economic and legal spheres. They strived to ratify the women rights convention of the United Nations and assailed their opponents with the perfectly logical initiatives.
The rapid modernization facilitated the negative consequences and results possibility that served a key to evolving new positions according to the obsolete regime and stereotypical order that prosecuted female for their will to be free. There were literally no borders of sympathy or understanding and women had to create a safety barrier for themselves. Furthermore, there was no need to put the cart before the horse in defending of actual inevitability that leads to the contemporary globalized democracy. Consequently, all of the limited traditions and principles were replaced with the new standards and it became a merit of courageous female individuals who broke the cliché.
Finally, this research introduces an analysis of the movement for women rights through the multitude of instances describes in Lynn Walter work. Moreover, the historic retrospective correlations fill this investigation with a specific thoughtful approach that reveals real conditions of the movement formation. In addition, the clear structural scheme of the informational examination becomes a basis for the general awareness in the current case. The evaluation of measures taken by the feminist movement in Argentina deduces that it was, probably, the most successful organization to protect women rights, according to their achievements in the difficult time and regime realities.